Quota-my country’s political choice


Justice,equality,emancipation,belief-somewhere my life gets dull and lambasted when such heavy utopian phrases scribe in the air. For long, India has bragged of its stance of being the world’s largest democracy. The pulp of the fact being that about 800 days from now my country will go on to celebrate its 70th year of independence-a great feat for a country whose fate to disintegrate was coupled by the western pandits years back. But still,for me the idea seems to portray little of the great republicanism and loktantra we talk about in our addas of Kolkata. The right to vote has been granted to every individual irrespective of class,caste,creed. Even the barometer of religious choice which has produced havoc many a times has not been a factor as far as the right to universal adult franchise is considered. Though the great extra constitutional conscience keeper called Subramanian Swamy has vouched for not giving franchise to the Muslims if they don’t agree to their Hindu ancestry. 
The right to vote and right to education both have been superficially woven utopian verbatim. While children from the age of 6-14 have moulded the socialist pattern born out of the 42nd Amendment,1976-still the cause of creating a democratic nation creates a mental void. While the top institutes boast of meritocracy, typical reservations seems to flow as some kind of dole which a part of the population deserves even after 68 independent springs. While the Prime Minister gives a call for equality,while RaGa talks about farmer suicide,little do we feel obliged to take on the political whims of blatant opportunism and shameful dignity. The story of Ramsay McDonald’s Communal Award in 1932 august was quashed not by logical thinking,but by doubling the number of seats,being British sponsored to the Dalits through the Divide and Rule propaganda. As the country endowed itself the modern methods of liberalistaion and market economy post 1991,the political mileage regarding Quota-logy has remained ecstatic,lively and a cornerstone of controversy.
When my country is talking about facebook and twitter,following pics on Instagram you hear a certain Mayawati bluffing at Devyani Khobragade’s Dalit ancestry. How many of us knew that the controversial diplomat was a dalit before Behenji pitched on the issue? Isn’t that a coveted gesture of spiralling India into the tomb of fissures and aftershocks? The Dalit cause with a greater social base propelled a new political party called Bahujan Samaj Party under Kanshi Ram. The Congress has used this formula of –poor,Muslims and Dalits as a correct thesis in winning elections during the Indira period. Amartya Sen, Nobel Laureate and eminent economist moderately attacked the myopic vision of the law makers as far as reservations are concerned. Most often, the candour of caste is taken into general view and consideration. But what about the class? The downtrodden Dalit woman who is labelled as a Dayan in 21st century India-what great prospect can the reservations and quotas paint about her?
Does she understand what reservation stands for? What great locomotive can she be provided so that she can fight against a social evil of indifference and backwardness? How can an educational quota ever help a family which gets displaced from their native village just because they refuted the diktat of discontinuing education? Can a social apartheid ever have a political solution? Aarakshan, a film by Prakash Jha showed how immodesty has crept into the idea of the educational system. The character of Manoj Bajpayi and Saif Ali Khan represented contrasting ideals, contradicting self-interests, but a monologous problem of identification. While the poster reflected the two Indias-50% for the open category and 50% towards the reserved,political onslaught looked inevitable. The Uttar Pradesh Government under Mayawati banned the film. The Badals of Punjab showed little traits of Ranjit Singh’s aggression fearing bloodshed and went for a ban. The Dalit fringes were ecstatic as they shared maximum visual space.
They seemed to boil in the fact that Saif Ali Khan’s royal background was misfit to cast him as a Dalit in a film. The JDU,the party for whom Prakash Jha fights every lok Sabha and loses invariably perhaps should also now critically ruminate-the great Nitish Kumar promoted a Maha Dalit to the post of Chief Ministership not again on the basis of merit or substance but on the account of vote bank politics. The BJP which is very preachy of the fact- Development for all, appeasement for none also is not averse to quota politics. During the period of Rajnath Singh’s stewardship in U.P sub quotas were made to accommodate the less priviledged.The Andhra Government has already made a world record of sorts by having a reservation of 2/3 in the state. The Tamil Nadu Government has reservations based on religion. Though, according to Smriti irani such religious reservations are not permitted in the bylanes of the Constitution. Even the UPA bill on Jat reservation was quashed by the Supreme Court.
Author’s crisp thought: The Delhi University first cut off for the undergraduate students are out. For changing a stream it has recorded a cut off eligibility of 100.75%. When we repent about the fact that not a single university excluding the IIT’s are featuring in the top list of world institutes,we have to blame the quotas and quota-logy for that. Well the Congress did try to implement its 4.5% quota for minorities even in the IIT’s. I will only say what Justice Sachar said post the congress genetical endeavour of dole distribution in the pre-election season 
“Such promises (Reservations) will not help the backward section of minorities. It is like befooling them. These people are making tall claims just to win elections.Instead of promising to give reservations, the government should focus on basic issues of improving administration and governance.”
 

Smriti Irani: empty vessels rattle much….more


Deadlock,revulsion,incompetence,snobbery,arrogance,cryptic-these adjectives summarize how my Human Resource Development Minister has performed in the last one year.When the party with a “difference” talked about a rejuvinated,rebuilt India,we bought their arguments,we bought their views,we bought their oratory,and above all we cultured around Narendra Modi,who was a “chaiwala” challenging the quid-pro-quo and stereo-types plaguing the system for long. The charismatic Tulsi of “Kyunki……” fame presented herself as articulated,humble yet a challenger hard to suppress. Yes,she was the woman who excreted vile on the Vikaas Purush after Godhra,yet she cloaked no apprehensions about admitting her “mistake”. Her great affinity to the Gujarat CM gave her a Rajya Sabha seat. It gave her greater marketing as being Modi’s right hand woman.

Smriti Irani took upon herself as the sole challenger to Sushma Swaraj as the lead female in Modi’s cabinet. What came forward? A typical DNA of enfante horribilis.Both today may slip out of their respected jobs-one for breaching the lakshman-rekha of ethical wisdom,other for allegedly not even being standardized to view the Lakhshman-rekha. Education ministry in the last one year has shown many instances of immaturity and diverse prospects of being cowed down by elements of Nagpur. As the PM was busy giving what now seems to be idealistic, hollow,superficial oratory,the position of Smriti is said to have become untenable. The country definitely deserves a better educational advisor than the short sighted, myopic individual called Dinanath Batra. Incidentally as he preaches on his bigoted history lessons based on hard Hindutva,a modern lady with a past of being a finalist of the leading beauty pageant seems to absorb them with ease and cheese.

As  you saw Smriti Irani cavalcading the BJP attack on the Newshour, you felt the fire that this woman possesses in her belly. You could loath on her sharpness of mind,on the intensity of her political will.Still,she seems to garner utter disappointment. The woman who had the courage to speak up against zealotised Sanjay Nirupam,did not utter a word as Giriraj Singh sang his usual obsolete,nonsense and in particular racist rant against Sonia Gandhi. See the history of see-saws. This same woman stood in the Parliament against Sharad Yadav when he lambasted his innocuous knowledge on busty South Indian woman. No body stood to support her on the floor. When later asked about this indifference of her own Party members in the Parliament,Smriti dodged it off. ‘I am not a Political Cinderella’-she said

If my memory serves me right, in KBC 2nd Season Smriti Irani came with Sakshi Tanwar to play the Amitabh hosted show. There she spoke of how an astrologer through his panditgiri had earlier invalidated her dreams of becoming an actress. Almost a decade later, Smriti Irani went to see an astrologer who to believe the tabloish tone, had predicted one day the HRD Minister will become the head of the state of India-to put it more simply she would be the President of the country. Introducing Sanskrit in place of German seemed to serve little purpose as entire education structure stared at hypermetric funeral. The saffron bumchums for the time being had to retreat. The ego and blatant robbery of humbleness seemed another problem as Smriti went after the secretaries of her department. A senior official in the Government says”Smriti madam,does not allow the officials to settle down. She lectures the secretaries on what they should do and what they should restrain themselves from. She does not like being asked or interrogated”.Smriti Irani reportedly has changed half a dozen bureaucrats from her department.

Coming to lecture part. Even today after being in the political dispensation for 12 years,it seems uncertain which was the institution Smriti can adjudge the title of alma mater to?

“She studied up to class 12 at Holy Child Auxilium School and discontinued further education.[7][8] Irani has herself provided conflicting affidavits of her educational qualifications. In 2004, she submitted that she had obtained a graduate degree in Arts (B.A, 1996) from Delhi University (School of Correspondence); and in 2014, she submitted that she had completed a part of a graduate degree in Commerce (Part I B.Com, 1994) from Delhi University.[9] Furthermore, a leak from the School of Correspondence, as reported by a newspaper, claims that Irani had enrolled in 2013, but had not written her examination”-this is what Wikipedia says about her educational qualification which seems to crucify the Modi Government lately.

B.A and B.Com don’t really share a honeymoon. A commerce and an Arts Graduate may add well to the documentation of Curriculum Vitae, but twin-in one production is limited till now to ice creams only. School of correspondence also seems to gel rather uneasily with Smriti’s aura. Smriti Irani volatilised the situation to the hilt,when she lambasted about having a degree from Yale University. To believe my eternal vigilance,it was basically a crash course which not only Irani but a host of other MP’s went through in 2013. The leadership programme lasted for 6 days where Irani’s counterpart was TDP’s S Ramesh. Democracy and nuclear non-proliferation were reportedly the topics exercised.How happy would have been my mother had she known a degree is nowadays available from Yale in 6 days!Infact 11 politicians from national and regional political parties participated in the crash course.

Now a Delhi court has found merit in the entire mango pickle surrounding the minister. A case filed by Ahmer Khan,a freelance writer and represented by lawyer KK Manan were successful in patronising the first big setback for the Minister. The otherwise intrinsically frank Smriti, got carried away while being asked about her qualification. Madhu Kishwar,another controversial Modi enthusiast had difficulty in accepting Smriti Irani’s appointment.Well life is not always a Uday chopra film-sometimes applying logic is an obligation more than a necessity.

Author’s crisp thought-Smriti ji try something constructive,rather than only competing in Amethi with the Gandhi scion……..

Yoga,opportunism,criticism and cynicism….


Many call it a delusion,many an illusion. But the Modi Government has dawned on one of the eternal opportunities to cure the world of its maladies. At times, when we live, doesn’t really portray a really exquisite site. Religious opportunism, unwanted quota-isation of the educational ladder throngs as an impediment for the advancement and evolution of a highly youthful nation. In such a position, stretching the hands and grooving your body is a better edible than flexing your muscles to show your might. The Rajpath in New Delhi was a cool observer to what many have already painted as the next big Guinness World Record. Well, Yoga makes your body bubble with joy, offering a plethora of opportunities to rejuvenate your body. Exercises have fructified the logic of “Serving the body is serving God” into a more realisable dream.

The initial yoga centric political onslaught on the bars of religious lines only showed the wrath of narrow-minded orbituary on our everyday life. While the Chinese were welcoming yoga and Ayurveda, we seemed to still harp on the  foreign traits of Vaastu and Fengshui. Not only was it a typical Indian mannerism to scoff at everything indigenous,it also proves the self denial which forces ex czars to seek treatment at Lisbon. The cause of concern lies at once at the role of the opposition in the country. The matter of constructive criticism has been lost in vain for quite a while and neither do I blame anyone but the politicians for that. In fact when you see the gradual transmigration of the land of consensus to that of confrontation,you will not see anyone but the Congress Party responsible for that.

Come to 1975. The year which only plagiarised the lack of tolerance of a so called party of swaraj and independence. In 1929, when the Lahore Congress under Nehru gave a call of purna swaraj,little would others have thought that the same party will proclaim the darkest hours of democracy.If you believe Subramanian Swamy,(the ex Janata Party chief and now a BJP leader) the Cambridge University doesn’t have a record of a certain Rahul Gandhi’s thesis. Hopefully, Jitender Singh Tomar did not buy him a degree from Cambridge-a P.H.D degree if I may add. Even in 2015,when so many countries excluding our fidgety rival is practising yoga,the opposition including the Congress hyper-enthusiasts seems to have a problem. Lalu Yadav’s tweet pic showed a photo of Pandit Nehru and Modi practising yoga with contrasting assignments-something the convicted out on bail RJD leader branded as originality vs plagiarism.

At a moment of national pride, reservations about the present Government is understandable. The Government according to me has failed to typically control the agro crisis and its impact.Fringe elements have been given far more autonomy,than what their anatomy deserves. But to overnight,see everything black even beneath the ultraviolet rays is somewhat farcical. The opposition is there to check the Government,not to break the national pride.Cynicism it is said was one of the major reasons for Amitabh Bachchan’s downfall in the mid 80’s. The superstar that the man was could not prevent his cynic mindset from taking the highway.Big B will point at every film of his saying”Yeh film meri toh nahin chalegi” The moral justification or ethical compensation can never be awarded to the ruling coterie. But when the rulers fight themselves,the message a country is trying to send falls into the hollowness of casualties.

Even the rather confrontationist AAP supremo joined the national cadre of politicians in supervising the innate connection of soul and body. Siddaramaiah applauded the Modi Government gesture. The Karnataka Government will soon accomadate yoga in the educational schedule. However Tarun Gogoi and Oomen Chandy evaded a direct consensus.Even Pythagoras deserves a bit of exercise. E=mc2 of Einstein will not assault Robert Vadra,if RaGa exercises his mind a bit. At the end of the day,it’s the cerebrum which Rahul needs to concentrate on after throwing  husky fire balls at the Modi Government regarding the Food Park in Amethi. Perhaps,yoga can modify his fitness to take on Harsimrat Kaur Badal on the issue on the floor of Parliament. What at this juncture,we require is positive and sensible criticism,not opportunistic,downright, Frankenstein surrogate. Politics should be debated,but lets life be celebrated. Yogi Adityanath ji-yoga can also perform Mentos’ job-Zubaan pe rakhe Laagam……. You may try it once also. Good for your health!

And a last bit anecdote. Muslims and christians are being diverted from the course by somebody. Let’s not break,when actually we can make…..

 

Propriety,Politicians and Presstitutes-part I


Propriety is better preached than practised. And it has never been an unholy sport played by a single political player. Over and over again,such a stance has been displayed-many a times with utmost disgrace by the netas of this country. The matter of accommodation of a number of instances of nepotism has always been a pre established fact. Those, who today sign up for facebook and hope to change the country must remember that such a rot has always been there-most of the times not embodied by any sense of moral justification.

At a point of time,when P.H.D degrees can be won over at 2 lakh bucks without submitting a single thesis,the mask of social justice seems to be embroidered with immorality and disgust. Ottavio Quattrocchi, who was one of the most infamous and iconic characters of the mid 80’s disempowered the slide mandate behind Rajiv’s victory. The concocted view of impropriety that the opposition including the 2 MP backed Bharatiya Janata Party thundered seems today nothing but a matter of mere story telling.

The matter of morality has always in some way or the other exposed itself to be a relative term of sorts. The Kashmir issue for Musharraf is based on morality, while the same pendulum seems to sing a different tune in the case of Gilgit-Baltistan.But,somehow the case of propriety seemed to have been a major USP,that the Modi Government had set out to champion. The Modi speech at Shanghai calling for a #scamfreeIndia stands today critically challenged in front of an armoured opposition.

Author's crisp thought:Hope the Foreign minister is not threatening to slap arnab Goswami!
Author’s crisp thought:Hope the Foreign minister is not threatening to slap Arnab Goswami!

Sushma Swaraj has been a major disappointment for a party which failed to take her into confidence initially when Modi was being elevated. I heard Rajdeep sardesai,on the shapath day on the 26th in the month of May last year getting somewhat enamoured and slightly surprised at the fact that Sushma was being engaged into the PM’s confidant-ship. Swaraj who promised to shave her hair,lest Sonia became PM could have thought little that her image in 2015 will prove to be a slander towards her nationalistic credentials.

Swaraj, who is known for her unrelenting oratorical machismo,had stood for morality during the December rape of 2012. However, now when she is the subject of cacophony and immorality,her preceding stance seems to haunt her. The sati-savitri stereo-typed image which till today emboldened her stature in a ultra dominant male world till a few days back was admirable. Alas! no more it seems.

Sushma’s daughter Bansuri and husband Swaraj Kaushal have been legal counsels to a fugitive called Lalit Modi. The man who fortunately for idolent people like me made cricket more of an entertainment was always under the scanner for his not so clean vests. But what is all the more intriguing a fact is the PR rifles that the not so fair both personally and facially Modi has. While, Rajdeep Sardesai was getting wined and dined-to quote the acid tongued Arnab Goswami , it was surprising for me how Lalit to believe Rajdeep had made friends with politicians in Cuba.

author's crisp thought: Nicotine does ease tension!
author’s crisp thought: Nicotine does ease tension!

The lack of judgement being exercised by the External Affairs Minister by partially bailing out Lalit on the grounds of humanity has fewer buyers after repeated exposes. Sushma infact panicked after the Times Now broke the story at 9:07 a.m on the 14th of the month. The Portuguese research centre whose quality of treatment allows a patient to party post two days of operation was a must have for the ex IPL Czar. And Sushma whose family connections bisected that of Modi’s could not forbid the appeal of Modi.

The Bigger Question-Did the Prime Minister know??? A man who has always showcased himself to be someone with absolute control over the Government can’t afford to say that he was negligent of the fact while he toured the foreign countries taking upon himself the role of Sushma, A man, who was so intricately absolved in the articulating external affairs was indifferent to the matter of quid-pro-quo carried by one of his own top 4 ministers? Sushma was only a few days back being honoured as one of the most successful ministers. So the review system must have faulted somewhere.

Kirti Azad tweets...
Author’s crisp thought:Sabotage angle? Swapan Dasgupta don’t get offended!

When the tweet of Kirti Azad mentioning the hashtag #asteenkasaanp appeared it did provide a compelling story into the divided family of the BJP. The role of Indian surrogate Keeth Vaz has also sqandered troubling questions. Propriety,it seems is something the BJP can now sacrifice with ease. Troubles it seems awaits the already infected malady….

The Spokes of Ashok Chakra- IAS and India


What image does the word “sarkari officer” produce in your mind?

An oily haired, bespectacled, pot-bellied, bored middle-aged man sitting behind a wooden desk, beneath a portrait of a beaming Bapu. He comes to office late, aboard the white, curvaceous clone of 1948 Morris Oxford complete with siren and flashing blue light; orders tea and rummages through dusty files, all along cursing the ruling party for not increasing the DA. Any request to meet him is vetoed by the ardali’s platonic “Saab is in a meeting”. When he is not devising new excuses to delay work, he’s rubbing shoulders with politicians and businessmen, doling out favours – for a price.

Hard to imagine that this same fellow once made a model robot in a college in Massachusetts that could talk and serve tea, or had dazzled the Armani suit clad gentlemen of Goldman Sachs with his profound  knowledge of Asian economy. That perhaps he had thronged the classrooms of Harvard or Cambridge, won multiple awards for his research in “Women and Gender Equality in rural India”, which ultimately secured him a PhD from JNU.

Can you compare the stark differences between the above two illustrations?

They are the same men. Just different designations.

As The Tribune puts it, “IAS converts brilliant young minds into dull, corrupt and inefficient men”.

IAS-
IAS- “I’m Arrogant Service”

So how did the steel frame of administration gather rust?

The IAS, or ICS (Indian Civil Service) as it was called at that time, was the brainchild of Lord Cornwallis, the third Governor General of India. The officers were chosen from prominent English families through a tough competitive exam and enjoyed tremendous clout. After independence, both Nehru and Sardar Patel carefully nurtured the service. To induct efficiency, the service was broadly divided into:

  • IAS (Indian Administrative Service)
  • IFS (Indian Foreign Service)
  • IPS (Indian Police Service)
  • IRS (Indian Revenue Service)

and a host of allied services like IAAS, IRTS, IDAS, IFoS etc.

Despite this fragmentation, the IAS retained its clout amongst its less powerful cousins, both in rank and pay (and it still does…).

The first signs of decay appeared during the Emergency of 1975. The dictatorial government began giving more weightage to blind loyalty and unquestioned obedience over the efficiency and integrity of the officers.  As Shah Commission puts it, “IAS officers practiced forging of records, fabrication of grounds of detention, ante-dating detention orders and callous disregard of the rights of detainees etc”. Ironically, this period also marked the beginning of ministerial interference.

Bureaucrats began to view loyalty to ruling party as an important ingredient for career advancement.

They began cosying up to their political masters, eager to show their servility and devotion to earn a favour or two. A cushy posting in Finance or Industrial Ministry, central deputation, overseas postings (in UN, IMF, World Bank etc), a plum post-retirement stay in Information Commissionarate, Election Commission or as CAG.

Recent reports reveal the large number of tribunals and commissions erected solely as a haven for retired “babus”.

In North Indian states like UP or Rajasthan, a DM has to be approved by a string of local political bigwigs before appointment. He has to fulfil a number of requirements in terms of religion, caste, proximity to governments, both in centre and the state, his past records of “honesty”…. and so on. An “Outstanding” or “Average” in one’s “Annual Performance Appraisal Report” or APAR plays little part in this decision.

(Source: “Bureaucrazy: IAS Unmasked” by M.K.Kaw)

The corridors of power.
The corridors of power.

With the opening of the floodgates of Indian economy in 1991, a horde of business barons, at home and abroad, entered the Indian political arena. These wealthy oligarchs changed the face of government functioning, giving birth to a new era of “lobbying”. Our babus with faded full shirts and worn away shoes looked at them with awe. They decided to join hands with this new power.

Hence arose a powerful nexus between politics-business-bureaucracy and, last but not the least, the mafia.

They would be soon joined by the TRP hungry media.

Neera Radia tape is just the tip of the iceberg.

In the crazy world of Lutyen’s, Delhi, where power equations changes at the drop of a hat, an IAS officers position is directly proportional to his proximity to the ruling party and indirectly proportional to his honesty.

Nowadays, every morning we wake up to news of some bureaucrat being victimised as they had the guts to take on local political goons and influential businessmen. As the service is protected by the Constitution, the politicians have unleashed a “Transfer raj“. Most recent victims of the “system” are Durga Shakti Nagpal (slapped with a transfer due to her conflict with UP sand mafia), Amit Kataria (who was reprimanded for sporting shades before the PM, himself a fashionista who can put Sonam Kapoor to shame), Ashok Khemkha (the DLF row with national “Jijaji” Robert Vadra and more recen probing of irregularities in Haryana Traffic Dept – taking the tally to over 50 transfers in  years of service. Just think of his poor family…), Raju Narayanswami (IIT-ian shunned to a inferior post) and the list goes on and on.

Some aren’t even lucky enough for a threat. The likes of Narendra Kumar (an IPS officer of Bihar who was crushed to death by sand mafia), DK Ravi (who faced a mysterious death), Yashwant Sonewane (who was burnt alive by oil mafia) and countless others were martyred by the service.

No justice for these martyrs. Not yet..
No justice for these martyrs. Not yet..

We often nullify the bureaucracy as useless machinery, a breeding ground of red tapism and corruption.

But in a county where a chunk of our elected representatives are either mere graduates (76%) or worse illiterate, with 34% of them facing grievous criminal charges, where efficiency of Parliament is lesser than the GDP of Somalia; it is the non-political executive – the “steel frame” – which holds together this madness.

When ministers like Sushil Kumar Shinde, Smriti Irani and Saddhvi Jyoti are given charge of important portfolios, it’s the IAS prefixed secretaries who run the ministry. Arun Jaitley or Kapil Sibbal may be great counsels, but their experience in Finance and Telecom is limited. That’s where our babus swing into action.

It’s the brightest minds of our country which puts together a budget, manages relief during floods, decides loan waiver to burdened farmers and educational grants to orphanages.

It is easy to criticise and laugh, but difficult to convert it into actions. They may not cover our borders or cook our meals, but they, who abandon fat corporate pay packages and luxurious lives, they who work from dawn to dusk to ensure a village gets proper water supply, they who brave 40.c heat to inspect Maoist’s  land mines, those who try to protect public purse despite threats of transfer and demotion, they too deserve our respect.

Jai Hind!

– Illegal Scribe

 (Source of some data: The Economist http://www.economist.com/node/10804248)

(Source: First Post. http://www.firstpost.com/politics/elections-2014-34-of-newly-elected-mps-have-criminal-cases-against-them-1531233.html)

“My Lord, are you there…..” – Justice- an extinct idea


The Court and the Cutchery

31.1 million cases pending.

4,706 positions vacant.

An average of 6-9% annual rise in workload.

Yes, this is what the Indian judiciary is staring at.

Against the backdrop of increasing violence against women, communal clashes, terrorism and a thousand other factors, the above figures present the grim situation of our country’s Justice System. And the recent controversies surrounding the famous actor turned infamous driver Salman Khan, Satyam scam accused Ramlingam brothers, Masarat “Meri jaan, Pakistan” Alam, several Gujrati cops accused of fake encounters and last but not the least our dear own Amma, have only added fuel to the fire.

For the uninitiated, the only common factor between these random people from different parts of the country are–

Firsly, they all have been granted relief by our courts.

Secondly, they all have been accused of serious misdeeds.

So what happened to the Judges? Why are they not banging their wooden…

View original post 451 more words